73rd and 74th Constitutional Amendments were passed by Parliament in. December, Through these amendments local self-governance was introduced in. After the 73rd and 74th Amendments the Democratic base has widened enormously enabling Horizontal Planning and Implementation of. The amendments were then officially enacted through the issuance of government notifications the Constitution (73rd Amendment) Act, (commonly referred to as the Panchayati Raj Act) went into effect on April 24, , and the Constitution (74th Amendment) Act, (the Nagarpalika Act), on June 1, Who was the prime minister at the time of 73rd and 74th.


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Active functioning of the Gram Sabha would ensure a participatory democracy with transparency, accountability and achievement.

73rd And 74th Constitution Amendments and Reservation for Women

In addition, the act has also added a new Twelfth Schedule to the Constitution. It contains eighteen functional items of municipalities.

The act gave constitutional status to the municipalities. It has brought them under the purview of justiciable part of the Constitution.

What is the difference between 73rd and 74th amendment to the Indian constitution? - Quora

Legislative approval of these parallel bodies legitimises the process of 73rd and 74th amendment decentralised democracy. There is no mandate to create a DPC tasked to draft a district development plan that takes into account spatial planning, environmental conservation, rural-urban integration, etc.

The DPC, a potential instrument to reduce growing regional imbalances is left to rot. Looking back, there was a clear lack of continuity, and change for the better. Following the Constitution Amendments, Articleestablishing the Finance Commission, was amended to add 3 bb and cdesigned to empower the third tier.


However, the states having a population not exceeding 20 lakh have been given the option of not having any Panchayat at the intermediate level. The mode of election of Chairman to the village level has been left to the State Government to decide. All members 73rd and 74th amendment the chairperson shall have the right to vote.

Not less than one-third of the total membership has been reserved for women in both reserved and general category and these seats may be allotted by rotation to different constituencies in a Panchayat.

Similar reservations have been made in respect of the office of the chairperson also. It the remainder period 73rd and 74th amendment less than six months, fresh elections may not be necessary. Panchayat constituted upon dissolution may continue for the remainder of the period Bajpai and Verma, It shall also be in charge of superintendence, direction and control of the preparation of electoral rolls.

The Constitution 73 rd amendment act adds a sub clause bb to Article of the Constitution. According to this sub clause, the Central Finance Commission, in addition to other stipulated duties, shall also make recommendations to the President regarding the measures needed to augment the then Consolidated Fund of a State to supplement the resources of the Panchayats in the State on the basis of the recommendations made by the Finance Commission of the State Bajpai and Verma, It has granted the PRIs Constitutional status and some sort of uniformity by making three-tier system a permanent feature; regularity, by making election an imperative after the termination of the PRIs after every five years and provision of the State Election Commission to conduct and supervise the election; and more financial autonomy with the constitution of the State Finance Commission, to outline its major contributions.

Firstly, the most debated problem till recently was giving constitutional recognition to the PRIs. It was often observed by the scholars 73rd and 74th amendment the founding fathers of the Constitution gave only lip service to democratic decentralisation by mentioning it in Article 40 of the Constitution in Part IV the Directive Principles of State Policy.

Local self-government in India - Wikipedia

Indian federalism has moved a step further in that up till now there had been two tiers of governance; henceforth, there would be three acknowledged tiers of governance. However, there is a strong body of opinion that in order to give an air of finality to the scheme, a separate list, namely 73rd and 74th amendment panchayat list could have been included in the seventh schedule, which lists subjects for legislation into the Union, the State List and the Concurrent List.

Secondly, the present amendment does address the issue of uniformity of structure across the country but leaves certain important matters, such as size of a panchayat at a level, 73rd and 74th amendment the discretion of the state governments.