The Spanish transition to democracy known in Spain as the Transition (Spanish: La Transición), or the Spanish transition (Spanish: Transición española) is a  ‎The government of Carlos · ‎First government of Adolfo · ‎First elections and the. La Transición a La Democracia. ; Gobierno de Arias Navarro (Nov - Julio ); Gobierno de Read full notes now. La transición política. Tras la muerte de Franco, Juan Carlos I fue proclamado rey en un contexto político de gran incertidumbre. Se iniciaba un complejo.


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  • Spanish transition to democracy - Wikipedia
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  • La Transición Española

For the next six years, Prince Juan Carlos initially remained in the background during public appearances and seemed ready to la transicion espanola in Franco's footsteps. The transition was an ambitious plan that counted on ample support both within and outside of Spain.

Spanish transition to democracy

Western la transicion espanola, headed by the United Statesnow favoured a Spanish constitutional monarchyas did many Spanish and international liberal capitalists.

Nevertheless, the transition proved challenging, as the spectre of the Civil War still haunted Spain.

Francoists on the far right enjoyed considerable support within the La transicion espanola Armyand people of the left distrusted a king who owed his position to Franco. The realisation of the democratic project required that the leftist opposition restrain its own most radical elements from provocation, and that the army refrain from intervening in the political process on behalf of Francoist elements within the existing government.

King Juan Carlos I began his reign as head of state without leaving the confines of Franco's legal system. Only in his speech before the Cortes did he indicate his support for a transformation of the Spanish political system.


Arias Navarro had not initially planned a reform of the Francoist regime; in the National Council of the Movementan advisory assembly of the ruling FET y la transicion espanola las JONS Falange party and other groups in the Movimiento Nacional, he declared that the purpose of his government was the continuity of Francoism through a "democracy in the Spanish way" Spanish: Fraga's programme aimed to achieve a "liberal democracy" that was "comparable to rest of Western European countries" through a "gradual and controlled process", through a series of reforms of the pseudo-constitutional Fundamental Laws la transicion espanola the Realm.

This is why his proposal was dubbed as a "reform in the continuity", and his support came mostly from those who defended a Francoist sociological model.


Besides, it needed to please the democratic opposition to Francoism. The approach la transicion espanola the dissenters was that they would not be part of the reform process, but would be allowed to participate in politics more generally, with the exception of the Communist Party PCE.

Even so, the new Law of Assembly was passed by the Francoist Cortes on 25 Mayallowing public demonstration with government authorization.

Javier Tusell pointed out that "those who in the past were in bed with totalitarianism now felt entitled to prohibit the totalitarianism of others". The reforms of the Fundamental Laws governing royal succession and the composition of the Cortes, designed by La transicion espanola, also failed.


Fraga had intended to make the Cortes bicameral, with one chamber elected la transicion espanola universal suffrage and the other having an "organic" character. In this manner he would formally act within the Francoist legal system and thus avoid the prospect of military intervention in the political process.

The development of a Law for Political Reform that, once approved by the Cortes and the Spanish public in a referendum, would open the constituent process for creating a liberal democracy in Spain.


A call for democratic elections in June to elect a Cortes charged with drawing up a new democratic constitution. He had to la transicion espanola both the opposition to participate la transicion espanola his plan and the army to allow the process to run uninterrupted, and at the same time needed to bring the situation in the Basque Country under control.

La Transición Española - Revision Notes in A Level and IB Spanish

He had to act on many fronts during this short period of time in order to achieve his aims. The project was approved by the Suarez Government in September On 15 Decemberwith a He issued a partial political amnesty in Julyfreeing prisoners; he then extended this in Marchand finally granted a blanket amnesty in May of la transicion espanola same year.

The right to strike was legalized in Marchwith the right to unionize being granted the following month. Also in March a new electoral law Ley Electoral introduced the necessary framework for Spain's electoral system to be brought into accord with those of other countries that were liberal parliamentary democracies.

These opposition forces met in November to create a platform of democratic organizations. The PCE, for its part, acted ever more publicly to express its opinions.